Modern Malta

Discover Malta

The Last 200 years

Below we show the timeline that illustrates the determination of the Maltese people through different times

Different era

Malta Pre-History and Ancient Civilization

1800 The Maltese people stand up to the French occupants
French Surrender

During the French occupation, slavery was abolished, the inquisition was dismantled and introduced a constitutional tradition.  Although the changes were positive, the locals were seeing the French as a threat to their religion and belief.

The French began to apply sound revolutionary principles involving heavy taxes, higher interest rates and an attack on the Roman Catholic Church, relief turned to resentment. An uprising in September 1799 confined the French garrison of some 4,000 men under General Vaubois to Valletta and the other fortified towns. In December 1799 the british joined the Maltese and helped to apply pressure on the weak Fench garrison, until the garrison surrendered on 5th September 1800.

1914 - 1918 First World War
First World War

Malta was not involved in fighting during WWI but was strategically positioned to serve other purposes. Malta had 27 makeshift hospitals during the war and treated 136,000 injured soldiers. Malta was nicknamed the Nurse of the Mediterranean.

1919 Maltese Riot against the British
Sette Giugnio - Maltese riot against the British

The 7th June is a national holiday celebrated annually in remembrance to the victims that resulted from shots fired into a rioting crowd.  Following the first world war, supplies were scarce and the locals were uprising against the british occupant.

on 7th June 1986 a monument was inaugurated at St George Square . Valletta.

1921 First Prime Minister
Malta is given a new Constitution

Sir Joseph Howard Becomes Malta's first Prime Minister. Sir Howard served between 1921 and 1923.

1939 - 1945 Italians Bomb Malta
Second World War
world war 2 write up
  • 1940 - Mussolini's Italy enters WWII on 10 June. On 11 June Italian bombers strike at Malta's Grand Harbour. Three ageing biplanes take to the air to defend the islands.
  • 1940–43 - Malta assumes huge strategic importance as a WWII naval and air force base; the country experiences heavy bombing and great hardship.
  • 1942 - King George VI awards the George Cross, Britain's highest award for civilian bravery, to the entire population of Malta.
  • 1943 - In July Malta serves as the operational headquarters and air support base for the Allied invasion of Sicily. Captured Italian warships are anchored in Marsaxlokk Bay.
1947 Self Government
Restoration of Self Government

Self Government through Election

1964
Independence
After the war, the movement for self-determination grew stronger and finally Malta was granted Independence on September 21st, 1964. British forces retained a presence in Malta until March 31st 1979 when their military bases on the island were closed. The Islands became part of the British Commonwealth.
1974 Malta Becomes a Republic
Republic Day

13th December 1974, Malta revised it's constitution and named the first President of Malta, Sir Anthony Mamo. The British did not leave the island before 31st March 1979, when the military bases were closed down.

2004 Malta Joins the European Union
Malta Joins the European Union

Following a 2003 referendum , the Maltese people voted in favour of Joining the European Union with a turnout of over 92% and just over 50% of the eligible votes in favour of Joining. Malta became a full member on the 1st of May 2004.

2008 Malta Adopts the Euro
Malta Bids Farewell to the Lira

On 1st January 2008 Malta adopted the euro as it's currency , bidding farewell to the Maltese Lira.

2017 Azure Window Collapse
Gozo's famed Azure Window collapse

The Azure window, also know as It tieqa tad Dwejra (Dwejra's Window) , collapse during a severe storm. The natural arch stood at a height of 28 meters until it collapsed on 8th March 2017.

The cause is attributed to natural erosion.

2018 European Capital for Culture 2018
Valletta gets celebrated as European Capital for Culture

The Azure window, also know as It tieqa tad Dwejra (Dwejra's Window) , collapse during a severe storm. The natural arch stood at a height of 28 meters until it collapsed on 8th March 2017.

The cause is attributed to natural erosion.

Pre - History and Ancient inhabitants